|About Guitar Scales|
|12 Tone System|
|Atonal & Pantonal Structures|
|Chord Spelling Table|
|Cycle Of Fifths|
|Major & Minor Scales|
|Major & Minor Chromatic Scales|
|Major & Minor Pentatonic Scales|
|Pentatonic Chromatic Scales|
|Table Of Intervals|
|Table Of Keys|
|Table Of Scales|
The variety of scales, modes and technical information discussed above should place the guitarist in a position to begin working with new material straight away. Ability in using this material as the basis for self-expression or creative application will vary among players, and to a large extent depend upon the level of musicianship or music making experience one has. So, whether simple little tunes or complex passages, work toward developing a good ear, a sound knowledge of harmony and approach music with an inventive step. The art of improvisation is limited only to ones imagination and for those interested in learning more about this art.
Have no fear of trying something new regardless of the facts. All sounds have a purpose, emotive, all be that they may. Listen to and learn as much music as you can, rework it with an open mind and enjoy all the pleasures that music has to offer. It is our hope that this work will provide a solid foundation upon which you can build.
Kind Regards and good luck with your musical endeavours.
Scales as with intervals are of simple (to the octave) or compound (outside the octave) construction. As a general rule, a musical scale is defined as a fixed interval or fixed pitch progressive arrangement of four or more notes or tones in an ascending or descending ordered system of music to or beyond the octave. A half scale consists of 4 (tetrachord), half or half + 1 of the notes or tones of a parent scale and include arpeggios, and progressions of less than four notes or tones spanning less than, up to or greater than the octave are lineal or non-lineal scale or arpeggio segments. Intervals refer to the difference in pitch or tonal distance between two notes and are classified according to the number of tones and or semitones within the interval. Shown below is a table of simple and compound intervals from the root C. Intervals outside the octave eg. 9th & 10th etc., are referred to as compound intervals and correspond to simple intervals in terms of their being the octave equivalents of simple interval tones eg. C-D is a second (Major 2nd) while C to the D8va. (an octave higher) is a 9th. For more information on intervals see Table of Intervals
In a scale, the intervals from one note to the next are measured according to their tonal distance eg. C-Dflat is a semitone (1 fret), C-D is a tone (2 frets), C-D# is a tone and a half (3 frets), C-E is 2 tones (4 frets) etc., and are constructed from a root or tonic and relative to one another. This system of related notes then, can be further measured and transcribed using the corresponding sequence of symbols T (for tone) and S (for semitone) etc., or alternatively W (for whole tone) and H (for half tone) and so on. Using this method of scale construction a major scale is transcribed "T T S T T T S" or alternatively "W W H W W W H" (regardless of the root or tonic). A minor scale is transcribed "T S T T S T T" or alternatively "W H W W H W W" (regardless of the root or tonic). This method of scale construction may be clearly viewed in both the table of keys and table of scales below and where, the distance between 1&2, 2&3, 4&5, 5&6, 6&7 are tones (T) and 3&4 and 7&1 are semitones (S).
MAJOR SCALE & Chord DOMINANT SCALE & Chord MINOR SCALE & Chord Major Maj. Dom. 7 (no 3rd) Dom7 sus 4 Pure Minor (Aeolian) m Ionian Mode Maj. 7 Dom. 7 (Mixolydian) Dom7 Dorian Mode m7 Lydian Mode Maj. 7 Hindu Dom7 -6 Melodic (ascending) Maj. 7 Harmonic Major Maj. 7 -6 Whole Tone Dom7+ Melodic (descending) m Lydian Aug. Maj. 7+5 Diminished Dom7 -9 Minor Pentatonic m Augmented Aug./Maj Dim. Whole Tone Dom7 -9 Harmonic Minor m~7/M7 Blues Scale Maj. Blues Scale Dom7 Blues Scale m Maj. Pentatonic Maj. Phrygian Mode m7 Jazz Melodic Major Maj. Locrian Mode (½ Dim) m7 -5 Gipsy Major Maj. Lydian Dominant Dom7 +4 Major Phrygian m (Lydian Dominant). Diminished (8 tone) m Mixed Major Maj. Jazz Melodic Minor Maj. Gipsy Minor m/m~7